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河南省成人学位英语考试常见语法错误

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  1.句子成分残缺不全

  We always working till late at night before taking exams.(误)

  We are always working /We always work till late at night before taking exams(正)

  We should read books may be useful to us. (误)

  We should read books which may be useful to us. (正)

  2.句子成分多余 「外语*教育网编辑整理 www.for68.com」

  This test is end, but there is another test is waiting for you. (误)

  One test ends, but another is waiting for you. (正)

  The driver of the red car was died on the spot. (误)

  The driver of the red car died on the spot. (正)

  3.主谓不一致

  Someone/Somebody think that reading should be selective. (误)

  Some think that reading should be selective. (正)

  My sister go to the cinema at least once a week. (误)

  My sister goes to the cinema at least once a week. (正)

  4.动词时态、语态的误用

  I was walking along the road, and there are not so many cars on the street. (误)

  I was walking along the road and there were not so many vehicles on the street. (正)

  We have little time to read some books which we interest. (误)

  We have little time to read some books in which we are interested. (正)

  I am a student who has studying in the college for two years. (误)

  I have been studying in the college for two years(正)

  5.词类混淆

  It is my point that reading must be selectively. (误)

  In my opinion, reading must be selective. (正)

  Honest is so important for every person. (误)

  Honesty is so important for everyone. (正)

  The old man was hit by a car when he across the street. (误)

  The old man was hit by a car when he was crossing the street. (正)

  6.名词可数与不可数的误用

  Too much tests are disadvantage for students’ study. (误)

  Too many tests are disadvantageous to students. (正)

  In modern society, people are under various pressures(误)

  In modern society, people are under various kinds of pressure. (正)

  7.动词及物与不及物的误用

  The traffic accident was taken place at the junction of two highways. (误)

  The traffic accident took place at the junction of two highways. (正)

  Because of his excellent performance, the boss rose his salary. (误)

  Because of his excellent performance, the boss raised his salary. (正)

  8.介词to和不定式符号的混淆

  Too many tests will do harm to cultivate our independent thinking. (误)

  Too many tests will do harm to the cultivation of our independent thinking. (正)

  All these contributed to solve the serious problem. (误)

  All these contributed to the solution to the serious problem. (正)

  9.情态动词的误用

  It may not good to our health. (误)

  It may be not good to our health. (正)

  They should spent much time. (误)

  They should spend much time. (正)

  10. There be句型的误用

  There exists some new problems such as being dishonest. (误)

  There exist/arise some new problems such as being dishonest. (正)

  There are many way to solve the tuition and fees of college education. (误)

  There are many ways to raise the money for the tuition and fees for college education. (正)

  1.动宾搭配不当

  We must pay attention to it and make solutions to the problem. (误)

  We must pay attention and find a solution to the problem. (正)

  It also may help you to make success. (误)

  It may also help you succeed/obtain your goal. (正)

  2.根据中文逐字硬译

  If someone’s family situation is not well, he can apply for loan to bank. (误)

  If one’s family is not well off, he can apply to the bank for a loan. (正)

  Let alone touch the outside world of campus/keep a good body health(误)

  Let alone get in touch with the world outside of the campus/keep fit(正)

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