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2012年河南学位英语考试阅读理解模拟试题(三)

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The advantages and disadvantages of a large population have long been  a subject of discussion among economists.It has been argued that the  supply of good land is limited.To feed a large population,inferior land  must be cultivated and the good land worked intensively.Thus,each person  produces less and this means a lower average income than could be  obtained with a smaller population.Other economists have argued that a  large population gives more scope for specialization and the development  of facilities such as ports,roads and railways,which are not likely to  be built unless there is a big demand to justify them.
One of the difficulties in carrying out a world-wide birth control program lies in the fact that official attitudes to population growth vary from country to country depending on the level of industrial development and the availability of food and raw materials.In the developing country where a vastly expanded population is pressing hard upon the limits of food, space and natural resources,it will be the first concern of government to place a limit on the birthrate,whatever the consequences may be.In the highly industrialized society the problem may be more complex.A decreasing birthrate may lead to unemployment because it results in a declining market for manufactured good.When the pressure of population on housing declines,prices also decline and the building industry is weakened.Faced with considerations such as these, the government of a developed country may well prefer to see a slowly increasing population, rather than one which is stable or in decline.
A small population may mean _____ .[ANSWER]
A)higher productivity,but a lower average income
B)lower productivity,but a higher average income
C)lower productivity,and a lower average income
D)higher productivity,and a higher average income
According the the passage,a large population will provide a chance for developing _____ .[ANSWER]
A)agriculture
B)transport system
C)industry
D)national economy
In a developed country,people will perhaps go out of work if the birthrate _____ .[ANSWER]
A)goes up
B)is decreasing
C)remains stable
D)is out of control
According to the passage slowly rising birthrate perhaps is good for _____ .[ANSWER]
A)a developing nation
B)a developed nation
C)every nation with a big population
D)every nation with a small nation
It is no easy job to carry out a general plan for birth control throughout the world because _____ .[ANSWER]
A)there too many underdeveloped countries in the world
B)underdeveloped countries have low level of industrial development
C)different governments have different views of the question
D)even developed countries may have complex problems

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